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Question: My question is about the permisibility of using IUD (intrauterine contraceptive device) or copper T for purpose of contraception because according to doctors this device when placed in uterus probabally stops pregnancy in one of these two mechanisms (no one 100 clear yet). Either stops sperm from fertilizing egg or stops zygot (ball like structure by on going division of fertilized egg) to implant itself to uterus wall. A question arises from here that what is the definition of pregnancy according to shariah. Does it mean only fertilization of egg or include the process of implantation in uterus as well to fulfill the criteria of pregnancy. Keeping that in mind i want to know are these contraceptive devices allowed?Jazak allah raza
Answer:

Conception has been defined in the following ways in various English dictionaries

1. Formation of a viable zygote by the union of the male sperm and female ovum; fertilization. (http://www.thefreedictionary.com)

2. The process of becoming pregnant involving fertilization or implantation or both (http://www.merriam-webster.com)

3. The union of the sperm and the ovum. Synonymous with fertilization. (http://www.medterms.com)

The shari'ah agrees with the above definitions. So, if one were to interfere with the process prior to formation of the zygote, it is not deemed to be an abortion; if, on the other hand,  it did happen after, then it is called an abortion.

Preventing pregnancy through contraception is allowed under specific conditions through the mutual consent of husband and wife.

For details, you may consult my previous answers; here is the link to one of them.

 

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