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Question: Assalamalekum we live in france and there are halal meat by arabs that we buy but some scolar say that these chickens and beafs are zabha with machine so this is not halal there are thousands of arabs who eat this meat so they are muslims i dont know what to do please guide me.thanks

There is no need for you to be concerned about this issue.

The meat slaughtered by machine is halal – as long as it meets the requirements of Islamic slaughter; the same rule applies to hand-slaughter as well. There is no need to declare the former as haram and the latter as haram.

Islamic laws of slaughter are relatively simple and easy to follow. They stress benevolence and compassion and prohibition of torture in all forms. The Prophet said, “Allah has enjoined benevolence and mercy towards all things: so if you happen to kill (an animal for food), kill well, let him sharpen the knife and make it easy for the animal (so that it does not endure undue suffering).” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet, therefore, defined the instrument to be used for slaughter: “use any instrument that (pierces the flesh and) causes the blood to flow and mention the name of Allah.” (Reported by Nasa’i and others).

The Prophet, peace be upon him, also told us not to use tooth or bone or stone or anything that does not cause the blood to flow thus causing extreme torture for the animal. To make this point, the Prophet, peace be upon him, used the phrase maa anhara al-dama (that which causes the blood to flow). The root word is Nahr which means river.

Thanks for this explicit specification of the instrument used for slaughter there is a virtual consensus among scholars that animals killed by knives severing the main arteries letting the blow to flow smoothly are halal. The only other condition is the slaughterer must be a Muslim or a member of the People of the Book: Christian or Jew.

There is no difference whatsoever in whether it is a manual knife or mechanical knife as long as they serve the above purpose.

What we stated above is the ruling of eminent scholars of the world and the World Muslim Council of Jurists.

They base it on the authentic teachings of the Qur’an, the Sunnah as well as the sound principles of Islamic jurisprudence.

As long as they observe Islamic slaughter rules, there is no difference as to whether it was hand-slaughtered or machine slaughtered. Both are halal. The Prophet, peace be upon him, has warned us against practicing rigidity in religion. He said, “Woe to those who are rigid; woe to those who are rigid; woe to those who are rigid.” (Reported by Muslim) And he also said, “This religion is simple and easy to follow: Whoever makes it hard will only be defeating himself through such an attitude.” (Reported by Bukhari)

In conclusion, the distinction between hand slaughter and machine slaughter is unwarranted; it has no evidence in the Islamic jurisprudence.

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