Ask the Schoolar
Ask The Scholar
Question Details

Question: If I stayed at hotels in Jeddah for 2 nights.Then can I wear Ihram from Hotel for PPerforming Umrah? Or I have to go Ayesha Mosque first?Please answer. Thanks
If you came to Jeddah for business or work or family-visit, etc., and then decided to perform Umrah, then you are allowed to assume ihram from Jeddah. There is a virtual consensus among scholars in regards to this ruling. 
If, however, you set out from home with the intention of Hajj or Umrah, and then planned to stay a few days in Jeddah, then you ought to assume ihram upon passing by the specific Meeqaat on your way. If you are traveling by Saudia or Emirates or Ittihad or Qatar airways, etc., they announce the Meequaat in advance. 
If, however, you came to Jeddah from a direction where you didn’t pass by any Meeqaat, then you may assume ihram from Jeddah.
If you did cross the Meeqaat and didn’t assume ihram out of ignorance, then you may assume ihram from Jeddah.  You incur no penalty or compensation according to some scholars; others say that you should go to the closest Meeqaat and assume Ihram before proceeding to Makkah. 
If, however, you knew and yet did not assume ihram then, according to the majority, you need to offer a sacrifice in Makkah. Some scholars say you may feed six poor persons instead. It is a reasonable ruling when we take into account the abundant animals slaughtered during hajj which obviates any need for doing more.
There is, however, another view which is also worth considering, which applies to those who travel to Jeddah by air. 
According to this opinion, air passengers are allowed to assume ihram from Jeddah; for it can be considered as a secondary Meeqaat for them. 
Those who endorse this view include some of the most eminent scholars of Maliki, Hanafi, Hanbali schools: They have based this opinion on persuasive arguments; let me cite two of their arguments here:
1.    Air passengers are not passing by any Meeqaat they are simply flying over them.  Meeqat, as we can see from the practice of the Prophet (peace be upon him), was the place they halted on their way to Makkah, rested, refreshed, performed ablutions (often ghusl as well), and offered the prayer before assuming Ihram. Those who fly over any of these stations cannot enjoy any of such comforts; let alone perform proper purifications, wudhu or (comfortably) changing into ihram attire.
Therefore, to compare them to those who travel by land is a bit far- fetched. Shari’ah laws underlie actual purposes and rationale. As Imam Shah Waliullah rightly points out these laws are not whimsical dictates of a tyrant who just issues orders solely for the sake of testing his servants. Rather they are orders of the All-Wise whose laws are intended for the ease and comfort of His servants.
2.    When the people of Iraq told Caliph Umar that Qarn, the Meeqaaat, they were supposed to assume ihram is slightly away from their path; whence he told them to assume ihram from Dhaat Irq which is parallel or on the same line as that of Qarn. 
Therefore, the above scholars consider Jeddah on the same line or parallel or corresponding to Yalamlam, and hence it can be regarded as a secondary Meeqaat based on the precedent instituted by Umar which was widely accepted.
The above arguments seem to be persuasive for those who find it hard to assume ihram from the aircraft. 
Therefore, based on the above ruling, you may assume ihram from Jeddah if you happened to travel to Jeddah by air and couldn’t assume ihram earlier.


Ask the Schoolar