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Question: Can blasphemy be forgiven in Islam if the person who did it sincerely repents?
Answer:

Allah forgives all sins except the sin of shirk; Allah says in the Qur’an, “Surely Allah will not forgive those who assign partners to Him. He forgives all but that to whom He pleases. Whosoever ascribes partners to Allah is guilty of a monstrous sin.” (Qur’an: 4: 48).

In the case of shirk, the only option for those who are guilty of it is to enter Islam anew by making the shahadah (testimony of faith) again; whereas in case of other sins, both major and minor, repentance is promised by Allah if we turn to Him in sincere repentance.

Therefore, if you have been guilty of blasphemy you must renew your shahadah and repent to Allah sincerely and beseech His mercy. Allah says,’
“Say: “O My servants who have wronged against their own souls! Do not despair of Allah’s mercy! For Allah forgives all sins; for He is indeed Forgiving, Compassionate. Turn to your Lord repentant, and submit to Him, before the torment overtakes you when you shall not be helped.” (Qur’an: 39: 53-54).

In this verse calls all His servants to repentance; since reckoning is imminent they are not to delay repentance.

Repentance, it must be emphasized, is not merely expressing remorse; it involves much more than that: it involves complete abstention from similar activities in the present and the future, and feeling true spirit of contrition for one’s sins, and finally resolving never to do the same, moreover, one must follow it up by doing as much good deeds as possible. Such good works include: consistency in istighfaar (invoking Allah’s forgiveness), establishing remembrance of Allah, offering charities, and engaging in good works; in the case of the sin of blasphemy just as one has blasphemed in the past, one should also do the opposite; such as glorifying Allah; extolling the excellences of Islam, etc.
Allah says, “Verily, good deeds wipe out bad deeds.”(Qur’an: 11: 114).

May Allah grant us sincere repentance, and may He grant us such fear of Him which would stand as an obstacle between us and sins, and such obedience of Him which would take us to paradise, and such certainly of conviction which would lighten for us all of the afflictions/calamities/tragedies of this world.”

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