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Question: As recorded in the works of Hadith, the sunnah of the Prophet, peace be on him, while escorting or accompanying the mayyit, is to observe silence. He said, do not follow the mayyit by noise or fire. The Companions of the Prophet, therefore, considered it undesirable (makruh) to raise one's voice with dhikr or du'a while escorting the funeral. If anyone wants to make dhikr he should do so only silently. The wisdom for silence at this time is to reflect on death and destiny. Therefore, to chant dhikr loudly would only upset this wisdom. In other words, in Islam there is a time for reading loud or remaining silent and the funeral is a time for silent reflection or remembrance. In short, the sunnah while accompanying the funeral is to silently reflect or remember Allah.

We are not allowed to abort pregnancies or facilitate or condone it in any way except in extremely rare cases of dire necessity.

Generally speaking, abortion in all stages, is considered as sinful according to the best teachings of Islam, since it is deemed as disturbing and thus destructing the process of life once it has started. However, the intensity/enormity of the sin increases as the pregnancy advances; while some scholars have allowed abortion in the very early stages of pregnancy in cases such as rape or incurable diseases or deformities, especially before the expiry of the first forty days, there is a consensus among scholars, based on their sound understanding of the sources, that it is clearly forbidden to resort to it after the soul has been breathed into the fetus; we are told by the Prophet, peace be upon him, in the well attested traditions that when 120 days expire, Allah sends the angel to breathe the soul into the fetus; therefore, from that point onwards committing abortion is akin to murder: Allah says, ‘Do not kill your children for fear of poverty—We shall provide for them and you—killing them is a great sin.” Qur’an: 17: 31).

For further details, please refer to question #192 on this site; you can access it by typing abortion as the key word in the search engine.

The reasons stated in the question cannot justify abortion in Islam. Although in such cases they are justified in resorting to contraceptive measures (as recommended by their medical practitioners) in order to prevent conception, abortion itself is considered an abomination except in cases mentioned above.

Furthermore, in Islam aiding someone to commit a sin is as sinful as committing the same. Therefore, as Muslims we are not to condone such practices, Allah says, “When the baby girl buried alive is asked for what sin she was killed.”
(Qur’an: 81: 8). Abortion, especially in the late stages of pregnancy, is analogous to infanticide.

May Allah, the Lord of Infinite Mercy, bless us all to shun sins of all kinds, both the outward and inward, as well as the major and minor, and may He cleanse and purify us so that we come to Him in a pure state-aameen.

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